Number of children in a household and child well-being

Gilbert Brenes-Camacho


El argumento del intercambio entre cantidad y calidad para explicar el descenso de la fecundidad se ha enfocado en la asociación entre la educación de los niños y tener menos hermanos. La formación de capital humano también está relacionada a otras dimensiones del bienestar. El objetivo del análisis es efectuar comparaciones entre países acerca de la asociación entre el número de niños en el hogar y tres medidas de bienestar: disciplina dura, disciplina leve y trabajo infantil. El análisis se basa en regresiones logísticas estimadas con las las bases de datos de las encuestas Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey (MICS) de 24 naciones agrupadas en cuatro regiones. A nivel individual, hay una asociación entre la cantidad de niños que tienen las familias y los momios de trabajo infantil y de castigar fuertemente a los menores, pero la asociación es débil para disciplina leve. En general, las asociaciones encontradas a nivel individual reflejan el hallazgo de que países con mayor fecundidad tienen también proporciones más altas de niños trabajando y de menores castigados fuertemente.

Palabras clave

niños; fecundidad; trabajo infantil; bienestar en la niñez

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