The sandwich generation in Brazil: demographic determinants and implications

Everton Emanuel Campos de Lima, Maria Carolina Tomás, Bernardo Lanza Queiroz


The paper analyzes the demographic determinants and implications of the ‘sandwich generation’ in Brazil. This generation is characterized by women who are likely to devote a significant amount of time to caring for both young children and elderly parents. In the past few decades, Brazil has been facing a rapid fertility and mortality decline, but the average fertility age has changed very little. The combination of these elements has had socioeconomic consequences on women and families. More specifically, we investigate: (i) what is the probability of a woman having a young child (less than one year of age) and a living parent; (ii) what is the average time that women spend within the sandwich generation and how has this duration changed over time; and (iii) what is the average age when children experience a grandparent’s death. We use a socsim microsimulation to analyze these three questions

El artículo analiza las determinantes demográficas y las implicaciones de la «generación sándwich» en Brasil. Esta generación se caracteriza por incluir mujeres que dedican una cantidad significativa de tiempo al cuidado de niños pequeños y padres ancianos. En las últimas décadas Brasil ha enfrentado una rápida disminución de la fecundidad y de la mortalidad, pero la edad promedio de fecundidad ha cambiado muy poco. La combinación de estos elementos ha tenido consecuencias socioeconómicas para las mujeres y las familias. Específicamente, en este trabajo se investiga: 1) cuál es la probabilidad de una mujer de tener un niño pequeño (de menos de un año de edad) y al menos un progenitor vivo; 2) cuál es el promedio de tiempo que las mujeres permanecen en la generación sándwich y cómo se ha modificado a lo largo del tiempo; y 3) cuál es el promedio de edad a la que los niños experimentan la muerte de un abuelo. Para responder estas interrogantes utilizamos una microsimulación socsim

Palabras clave

sandwich generation; intergenerational relations; socsim; Brazil.

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