Síntomas depresivos y COVID-19 en adultos de México
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Palabras clave

síntomas depresivos
COVID-19
México
análisis de regresión

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Lozano Keymolen, D., & Martínez Espinosa, A. (2023). Síntomas depresivos y COVID-19 en adultos de México. Revista Latinoamericana De Población, 17, e202303. https://doi.org/10.31406/relap2023.v17.e202303

Resumen

El objetivo de este trabajo es determinar la relación entre los síntomas depresivos y el diagnóstico médico de COVID-19 por sexo y en distintos grupos etarios de una muestra representativa de adultos mexicanos en 2021. Se analizaron datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición 2021 sobre COVID-19; se aplicaron modelos de regresión logística binomial y se estratificaron por sexo y grupos etarios. Los resultados indican que, entre mujeres de edades avanzadas, se relaciona el tamizaje positivo de síntomas depresivos y el autoinforme de diagnóstico médico previo de COVID-19. Sin embargo, no se encontraron relaciones significativas en el caso de las mujeres menores de 60 años o para los hombres. Los síntomas depresivos y el diagnóstico de COVID-19 se relacionan de forma diferenciada según el sexo y la edad de la persona. Es fundamental que se profundicen los estudios sobre la relación entre la pandemia por COVID-19 y los síntomas depresivos en la población mexicana.


Abstract

The objective of this work is to determine the relationship between depressive symptoms and the medical diagnosis of COVID-19 by sex and in different age groups of a representative sample of Mexican adults in 2021. Data from the Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición 2021 sobre COVID-19 were analyzed, applying binomial logistic regression models stratifying by sex and age groups. The results indicate that, among older women, positive screening for depressive symptoms and self-report of prior medical diagnosis of COVID-19 are related. However, no significant relationships were obtained for women under 60 years of age or for men. Depressive symptoms and the diagnosis of COVID-19 are related in a differentiated way according to the sex and age of the person. It is essential that studies on the relationship between COVID-19 and depressive symptoms in the Mexican population be deepened.

https://doi.org/10.31406/relap2023.v17.e202303
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Derechos de autor 2023 Daniel Lozano Keymolen, Alejandro Martínez Espinosa

                 

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