Years of Healthy Life among Older Adults in Brazil: An Analysis Based on the Global Activity Limitation Indicator, 1998 and 2008
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Palabras clave

Indicadores de salud
Esperanza de Vida Saludable
Indicador Global de Limitación de Actividad
Restricción de participación
Adultos mayores Brasil

Cómo citar

Luciana Correia Alves, Castro Santos Camargos, M., & Jorge Machado, C. (2024). Years of Healthy Life among Older Adults in Brazil: An Analysis Based on the Global Activity Limitation Indicator, 1998 and 2008. Revista Latinoamericana De Población, 18, e202329. https://doi.org/10.31406/relap2024.v18e202329

Resumen

Este estudio propone calcular la esperanza de vida y la Esperanza de Vida Saludable utilizando el Indicador Global de Limitación de Actividad (GALI) en adultos mayores brasileños, estratificados por género para los años 1998 y 2008. Se utilizaron datos de la Encuesta Nacional por Muestreo de Hogares de Brasil (PNAD) y Tablas de Vida Abreviadas en 2000 y 2010 del Instituto Brasileño de Geografía y Estadística Demográfica (IBGE). Se estimó la esperanza de vida sin limitación de actividad utilizando el método Sullivan. Los resultados indicaron un aumento en la esperanza de vida para ambos géneros durante el periodo. Los hombres experimentaron una disminución en los años sin limitación de actividad en 2008, mientras las mujeres mostraron una reducción en el porcentaje de tiempo vivido sin limitación de actividad. Se observó una ligera ventaja en la salud de los hombres en comparación con las mujeres. Al comparar los dos periodos, la proporción de años  sperados para vivir sin limitación de actividad fue mayor
en 1998 que en 2008 para ambos géneros.


Abstract

The aim of the study was to calculate life expectancy and Healthy Life Expectancy (HLY) through a Global Activity Limitation Indicator (GALI) proxy among Brazilian older adults according to sex for the years 1998 and 2008. The study was carried out using data from the Brazilian National Household Sample Survey (PNAD) and from Abbreviated Life Tables in 2000 and 2010 from Brazilian Institute of Demographic Geography and Statistics (IBGE) by sex. The activity limitation-free life expectancy was estimate based on the GALI for both sexes using the Sullivan method. The results showed an increase in life expectancy in the period for both sexes. The time of life without activity limitations in 2008 has decreased for men. For women, a reduction in percentage of the time lived without activity limitation has been shown. A small  advantage in favor of men compare to women’s health was found. Comparing the two periods, the proportion of years expected to be lived without activity limitation was higher in 1998 than in 2008 and for both sexes. There are still many uncertainties about how the country is actually ageing. Given this context, an effort to maintain constant health monitoring through different indicators such as GALI is essential. At the same time, strengthening local and regional policies, aiming to build solid paths and mechanisms to promote an active and healthy ageing of its population must be a target.

https://doi.org/10.31406/relap2024.v18e202329
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Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial 4.0.

Derechos de autor 2024 Luciana Correia Alves, Mirela Castro Santos Camargos, Carla Jorge Machado

                 

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